allaitement enfant 3 ans et comment prévenir les crevasses

How to prevent cracks when breastfeeding?

Preventive measures mothers can take to avoid cracking while breastfeeding.

Tips on breastfeeding position, using moisturizers, and other tips for keeping skin healthy.

I - Introduction


Breastfeeding is a precious and irreplaceable experience for many mothers and their babies. However, it can be accompanied by certain challenges, one of the most common of which is the appearance of cracks on the nipples. Cracks , although often painful and discouraging, can be avoided with proper preventative measures.

The Importance of Crack Prevention


When talking about breastfeeding, it is essential to focus on preventing breast feeding , as this can have a significant impact on a mother's breastfeeding experience and the health of the infant. Here's why crack prevention is critically important:

1- Comfort of the Mother:

Cracked nipples can cause severe pain, which can make breastfeeding uncomfortable or even unbearable for some mothers. Persistent pain can also discourage continued breastfeeding, which is harmful to the baby's health.

 2 - Baby’s Health:

When breastfeeding is painful for the mother due to cracking, this can affect the frequency and quality of feedings. A baby may not nurse as effectively or as often, which can lead to a reduction in their nutritional intake and impact their growth.

 3- Maintain a Positive Breastfeeding Relationship:

Breastfeeding is much more than just nutrition. It is a moment of intimate connection between mother and baby. Cracks can lead to stress, frustration and negative feelings, which can harm the breastfeeding relationship.


4 - Saving Time and Money:

Treating cracks after they appear often requires time and resources to purchase creams or other care products. Preventing cracks can therefore save you time and money.


In short, crack prevention is an investment in a breastfeeding experience that is more comfortable for the mother and more beneficial for the baby. In this article, we will explore in detail the preventative measures mothers can take to avoid cracking while breastfeeding. From the correct breastfeeding position to skin hydration and practical tips, we'll provide you with a comprehensive guide to help you fully enjoy this special time with your baby.


II - Understanding Crevices

Cracks , often dreaded by nursing mothers, are cracks or sores in the skin that commonly form on the nipples during breastfeeding. To better prevent them, it is essential to understand their origin and the consequences they can have for the mother and the baby.

Definition of Cracks and Their Causes

Cracks are small sores that develop on a mother's nipples during breastfeeding. They are usually the result of the baby not sucking at the breast incorrectly. Common causes of cracks include:


  1. Incorrect position:

An incorrect breastfeeding position can cause the baby to latch poorly, which can cause chafing and injury to the nipple.


  1. Bad Attachment:


If the baby does not latch onto the breast correctly in his mouth, he may pinch the nipple between his tongue and the roof of his mouth, causing cracks .


  1. Skin Dryness:

Dry, dehydrated skin is more likely to crack. Exposure to dry air, harsh soaps, or wearing bras that are too tight can contribute to dry skin.


  1. Frequent or Long Feedings:


If the baby feeds frequently or for long periods without breaks, this can cause excessive friction on the nipple.

The Consequences of Cracks for Mother and Baby

Cracks can have significant consequences for both mother and baby, further emphasizing the importance of prevention:

For the Mother:

  • Pain and Discomfort: Cracks cause throbbing pain that can persist between feedings and make breastfeeding painful.
  • Stress and Frustration: Constant pain can cause stress, frustration and sometimes even depression in the mother.
  • Reduced Self-Confidence: Cracks can make the mother doubt her ability to feed her baby effectively.

For the Baby:

  • Difficulty Breastfeeding: Cracks can make it difficult for the baby to breastfeed, which can lead to ineffective sucking.
  • Reduced Nutrient Intake: If the baby is not feeding properly due to cracking , this can impact their nutritional intake.
  • Frustration and Agitation: A baby who cannot breastfeed effectively may become frustrated and agitated.

In summary, understanding cracks , their causes and consequences is essential to taking appropriate preventive measures. In the following sections of this article, we will discuss in detail strategies to avoid these inconveniences and make the breastfeeding experience more comfortable for mother and baby.



III. Correct Breastfeeding Position


One of the crucial steps to preventing cracking while breastfeeding is to adopt a proper breastfeeding position. Proper positioning provides many benefits for both mother and baby, and reduces the risk of nipple injuries.


Importance of a Proper Breastfeeding Position


A correct breastfeeding position is essential for several reasons:


  1. Good Breast Latch:

An adequate position allows the baby to take the breast well into his mouth, encompassing the nipple and a large part of the areola. This reduces excessive friction on the nipple.
  1. Pressure Balancing:

Correct position distributes the pressure exerted by the baby's mouth evenly on the nipple, minimizing friction points.

  1. Reduction of Muscle Tension:

For the mother, proper positioning reduces muscle tension in the back, shoulders and neck, promoting comfortable and long-lasting breastfeeding.



IV - Illustration of Recommended Positions


Here are some recommended breastfeeding positions to help prevent cracking :

  1. Position of the Baby Tummy to Stomach:

Place the baby stomach to stomach with you, so that his head is in line with your nipple. This facilitates good latching and effective sucking.

  1. Position of the Madonna:

Sit with the baby at your side, facing you. Hold his head with the hand on the same side as the breast you are breastfeeding. Use your other hand to support your breast.

  1. Rugby position:

Hold the baby under your arm, like a rugby ball. His head should be supported by your hand, and your breast should be accessible so he can latch onto it properly.

  1. Lying Position:

Lie comfortably with the baby next to you. This position is particularly useful for nighttime feedings.


Tips for Maintaining a Comfortable Position

To maintain a comfortable breastfeeding position, here are some practical tips:

  • Make sure you have enough cushions to support your back, arms, and baby.
  • Use a stool or footrest to elevate your knees slightly, which can relieve tension in your back.
  • Keep a bottle of water on hand to stay hydrated while breastfeeding.
  • Do not hesitate to use breast pads to absorb any milk leaks.

By adopting a proper breastfeeding position and following these tips, you can significantly reduce the risk of developing cracks and make the breastfeeding experience more enjoyable for you and your baby.



V - Skin Hydration

Moisturizing the skin is a crucial aspect of preventing cracking while breastfeeding. Well-maintained skin is more resistant to irritation and injury, contributing to a more comfortable and enjoyable breastfeeding experience.

The Importance of Keeping Skin Healthy

The skin around the nipples is delicate and can become dry, making it more likely to develop cracks . Keeping your skin healthy is essential to preventing them. Here's why :


  1. Crack Prevention:

Well-hydrated skin is less prone to cracks and cracks , even with frequent and vigorous breastfeeding.

  1. Comfort :

Dry skin can become itchy and painful. Adequate hydration can relieve itching and tightness.

  1. Preparing for Breastfeeding:

Maintaining healthy skin before your baby is born can help you anticipate a more pleasant breastfeeding experience from the start.


Use of Specific Moisturizing Creams


To maintain healthy skin and prevent cracks , the use of moisturizers specially designed for nipples and sensitive skin is highly recommended. Here's how to use them effectively:

  • Choose suitable creams: Opt for creams made from natural ingredients such as Lanolin creams, and without perfume, as perfumes can be irritating to delicate skin.
  • Gentle application: Apply the cream gently to the skin of the nipples and areola after each feeding. Avoid rubbing vigorously, which may further irritate the skin.
  • Cleaning Before Feeding: Before each feeding, gently cleanse the skin to remove any excess cream, then allow it to air dry.


Other Skin Care to Consider:


In addition to using specific moisturizers, here are other skin care treatments to consider to prevent cracks :

  • Exposure to Fresh Air: After each feeding, leave your nipples in the open air for a few minutes to promote healing and air circulation.
  • Avoid Tight Bras: Choose well-fitting bras that do not compress the nipples.
  • Use Soft Nursing Pads: Soft, absorbent nursing pads can protect your nipples from moisture while still providing some comfort.

By taking appropriate care of your skin and using suitable moisturizers, you strengthen the skin barrier and minimize the risk of cracks during breastfeeding. This will contribute to a more pleasant breastfeeding experience for you and your baby. 

VI - Practical tips and advice

 To prevent cracking and make breastfeeding more comfortable, there are several practical tips and advice you can follow throughout your breastfeeding journey. Here are some essential recommendations:

2- The Frequency of Feedings and Their Duration

 It is important to maintain an appropriate frequency of feedings and a suitable duration to avoid tiring the nipples and minimize the risk of cracks. Here are some key points to consider:

  • Frequent Feedings: Give your baby the opportunity to feed frequently, depending on his or her needs. Regular feedings stimulate milk production and reduce pressure on the nipples.
  • Make sure the baby empties the breast correctly: Make sure the baby empties the breast correctly during each feeding. A baby who sucks effectively minimizes unnecessary friction.


  1. Using Nursing Pads

 Nursing pads are valuable allies in preventing cracks :

  • Moisture Absorption: Nursing pads absorb moisture and prevent your nipples from staying wet after feedings, which could increase the risk of cracks .
  • Comfort and Protection: They also provide a protective cushion between your nipples and your clothing, reducing friction.

  1. Breast Alternation

To prevent overuse of a single nipple and minimize the risk of cracking , consider alternating between breasts regularly:

  • Change breasts at each feeding: Start with one breast during one feeding, then switch to the other during the next feeding. This allows each breast to rest between feedings.


  1. The Importance of Effective Suction

Effective suction is fundamental to avoiding cracks . Here are some things to consider:

  • Make sure the baby is properly attached: A good latch by the baby is essential for effective sucking. Make sure his mouth encompasses the nipple and part of the areola.
  • Observe signals of effective sucking: When the baby is sucking effectively, you may observe regular swallowing movements and hear sucking sounds.
  • Ask for help if necessary: ​​If you have doubts about your baby's sucking or if you experience pain despite a good latch, do not hesitate to consult a lactation consultant or health professional.

By applying these practical tips and advice, you can create optimal conditions to prevent cracking during breastfeeding. These small adjustments can make a big difference in your breastfeeding experience, making it more enjoyable for you and your baby.


VII - Mental and Emotional Preparation 

Crack prevention is not just about physical care, but also about the mental and emotional preparation of nursing mothers. A positive attitude and emotional support are essential to successfully navigate this journey.


  1. Managing Breastfeeding Stress


Breastfeeding can be a time of joy and connection, but it can also be a source of stress, anxiety and doubt. To prevent cracking , it is essential to manage the stress associated with breastfeeding:

  • Educate yourself: Learn as much as you can about breastfeeding and preventative care to feel more prepared.
  • Communicate: Share your concerns with your partner, friend, family member, or lactation consultant. Simply talking about your worries can help alleviate them.
  • Practice relaxation: Meditation, deep breathing, or yoga can help you reduce stress and stay calm while breastfeeding.


  1. The Importance of Social Support


Social support plays a crucial role in preventing cracks :

  • Surround yourself with positive people: Seek support from people who are supportive of your choice to breastfeed and who can offer caring advice.
  • Join support groups: Breastfeeding support groups can be a valuable source of advice and reassurance. You can share your experiences and get advice from mothers who have gone through similar situations.
  • Consult a lactation consultant: If you are having difficulty, do not hesitate to consult a certified lactation consultant who can help you resolve problems and build your confidence.

  1. Self-Care for Breastfeeding Mothers


Don't neglect the importance of self-care as a breastfeeding mother:

  • Balanced diet: Make sure you eat healthily and stay hydrated to promote optimal skin recovery.
  • Adequate rest: Sleep is essential for your well-being. Try to get rest whenever possible, synchronizing your naps with your baby's naps.
  • Take time for yourself: Allow yourself some time to relax, whether it's reading a book, taking a relaxing bath, or practicing a hobby you enjoy.

By preparing yourself mentally and emotionally, seeking strong support, and practicing self-care, you strengthen your ability to prevent cracking while creating a more harmonious breastfeeding experience for you and your baby. Emotional well-being is an essential part of getting through this time in a positive way.



In your breastfeeding journey, preventing cracking is a crucial step to ensure mother's comfort and baby's health. By summarizing the preventive measures discussed in this article, we hope to help you fully enjoy this unique and valuable experience:


Summary of Preventive Measures:


  • Correct Breastfeeding Position: Adopt an appropriate breastfeeding position to avoid unnecessary friction and ensure a good latch by the baby.
  • Skin Hydration: Keep your skin healthy by using specific moisturizing creams and practicing appropriate care.
  • Practical Tips and Advice: Respect an adequate frequency of feedings, use breast pads, alternate between breasts, and ensure effective suction.
  • Mental and Emotional Preparedness: Manage breastfeeding-related stress, seek social support, and practice self-care to strengthen your emotional well-being.


Encouraging a Proactive Approach to Crack Prevention: 

Crack prevention is a proactive approach that requires attention, perseverance and support. Remember that every woman and every baby is different, and it's completely normal to encounter challenges along the way.

Never hesitate to seek help from a healthcare professional or lactation consultant if you are experiencing difficulty despite your preventive efforts. They are there to support and guide you on your breastfeeding journey.

Breastfeeding is a special time of connection and nourishment for you and your baby. By adopting these preventative measures and remaining positive, you can fully enjoy this unique experience while preserving the well-being of yourself and your little one.

We wish you a happy, comfortable and fulfilling breastfeeding journey!


Back to blog